Capital: Pretoria - 526 thousand people (1991).|
Area: 1221 thousand sq. km.
Population: 41 244 thousand people (1995).
Admin. division: 9 areas.
Language: 11 languages of the basic groups of the population are official. English, Afrikaans are mainly used.
Currency: South-African Rand. 10 ZAR = 1.24494 USD.
Time: Moscow time -1 hour.
Large cities: Cape Town - 777 thousand people (1985), Durban - 634 th. (1985), Johannesburg - 632 th. (1985), Port Elizabeth - 303 th. (1991).
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- Geographical position: The country is located in the extreme south of Africa. It borders by Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Swaziland, Namibia, Botswana & Lesotho (is inside of South Africa). In the east it is washed by the Indian ocean, in the west - by the Atlantic ocean. The cape of Kind Hope - the most known in the world is given out to the Atlantic ocean.
- State system: Republic.
- Climate: There is no distinct division into seasons in South Africa. Only winter period sharply differs from other three - June, July, August, when the temperature at night in Johannesburg and Pretoria may be lowered up to + 0, +3 C. However in the afternoon because of the bright sun which shines 300 days in a year, the temperature column rises up to a mark + 16, + 18 C. A climate is tropical in the north and subtropical in the south. Mid-annual temperature is +16 C.
- Miscellaneous: In the republic of South Africa magnificent cities, the untouched landscapes amazing with the stateliness, violent greens of savanna, wonderful coasts and amazing beaches of two oceans organically adjoin. But the most surprising rapid development of the industry has not prevented South Africans to keep the fantastic nature - true treasure of the country. National parks and private reserves where in natural conditions it is possible to observe wild animals are unique.